User Guide

This is the user guide for I release of O-DU/l2. Follow installation-guide to get all the dependencies ready.

A. Execution:

I. Execution - On locally compiling O-DU High Source Code

  1. Assign virtual IP addresses as follows:

    1. ifconfig <interface name>:ODU “”

    2. ifconfig <interface name>:CU_STUB “”

    3. ifconfig <interface name>:RIC_STUB “”

PS: If O1 interface is enabled, IPs should match those configured in “startup_config.xml”

( Refer Installation Guide - “Setting up Netconf server” )

  1. Execute CU Stub:

    1. Navigate to CU execution folder

      • cd <O-DU High Directory>/l2/bin/cu_stub

    2. Run CU Stub binary

      • ./cu_stub

  2. Execute RIC Stub:

    1. Navigate to RIC execution folder

      • cd <O-DU High Directory>/l2/bin/ric_stub

    2. Run RIC Stub binary

      • ./ric_stub

  3. Execute O-DU High:

    1. Navigate to ODU execution folder

      • cd <O-DU High Directory>/l2/bin/odu

    2. Run ODU binary

      • ./odu

PS: CU stub and RIC stub must be run (in no particular sequence) before ODU.

In case O1 is enabled and SMO is not available run section D to start the stack.

II. Execution - Using Docker Images

The call flow between O-DU High and CU Stub can be achieved by executing docker containers.

  • Pull the last built docker images:
    • docker pull

    • docker pull

  • Run CU Stub docker:
    • docker run -it –privileged –net=host –entrypoint bash

    • ./cu_stub

  • Run ODU docker:
    • docker run -it –privileged –net=host –entrypoint bash

    • ./odu

B. Pairwise testing with Intel O-DU Low:

This section describes the changes required in compilation and execution of O-DU High binaries to successfully integrate with Intel O-DU Low in radio mode.

I. Pre-requisites

  1. Install O-DU High as per installation-guide .

  2. Clone O-DU Low code in <O-DU Low Directory> from

    1. and,


  3. Install O-DU Low as per .

II. Compilation

  1. Build ODU :

    1. Create folder <O-DU High Directory>/l2/src/wls_lib. Copy wls_lib.h from <O-DU Low Directory>/phy/wls_lib/ to <O-DU High Directory>/l2/src/wls_lib.

    2. Create folder <O-DU High Directory>/l2/src/dpdk_lib. Copy following files from <O-DU Low Directory>/dpdk-19.11/x86_64-native-linuxapp-gcc/include/ to <O-DU High Directory>/l2/src/dpdk_lib.

      • rte_branch_prediction.h

      • rte_common.h

      • rte_config.h

      • rte_dev.h

      • rte_log.h

      • rte_pci_dev_feature_defs.h

      • rte_bus.h

      • rte_compat.h

      • rte_debug.h

      • rte_eal.h

      • rte_os.h

      • rte_per_lcore.h

    3. Navigate to build folder

      • cd <O-DU High Directory>/l2/build/odu

    4. Build ODU Binary:

      • make odu PHY=INTEL_L1 MACHINE=BIT64 MODE=FDD

III. Execution

  1. Execute O-DU Low:

    1. Setup environment:

      • cd <O-DU Low Directory>/phy/

      • source ./

    2. Run O-DU Low binary :

      • cd <O-DU Low Directory>/FlexRAN/l1/bin/nr5g/gnb/l1

      • To run in radio mode : ./ -xran

      • L1 is up when following prints are seen on console:

        Non BBU threads in application
        nr5g_gnb_phy2mac_api_proc_stats_thread: [PID: 8659] binding on [CPU 0] [PRIO: 0] [POLICY: 1]
        wls_rx_handler (non-rt):                [PID: 8663] binding on [CPU 0]

        PHY>welcome to application console

  2. Execute FAPI Translator:

    1. Setup environment:

      • cd <O-DU Low Directory>/phy/

      • source ./

    2. Run FAPI translator binary:

      • cd <O-DU Low Directory>/phy/fapi_5g/bin/

      • ./oran_5g_fapi –cfg=oran_5g_fapi.cfg

  3. Execute CU Stub and RIC Stub:

    1. Run steps in sections A.I.1 through A.I.3 .

  4. Execute DU:

    1. DU execution folder

      • cd <O-DU High Directory>/l2/bin/odu

    2. Export WLS library path

      • export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=<O-DU Low Directory>/phy/wls_lib/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

    3. Run ODU binary

      • ./odu

C. Message Flow:

O-DU High opens WLS interface during bring up. Message exchanges can begin once the interface is ready. Following diagram shows P5 messages exchanged with O-DU Low in timer mode.

Figure 28 O-DU High - O-DU Low Message Flow Diagram

Figure 28 - O-DU High - O-DU Low Message Flow Diagram

Note: UL IQ-Sample request and response are needed by Intel O-DU Low in timer mode(testing mode) only. Code changes for these are guarded under INTEL_TIMER_MODE flag which can be enabled using compilation option “PHY_MODE=TIMER”, as mentioned in section B.I.1.d .

D. Push cell and slice configuration over O1 using netopeer-cli

When O-DU High is run with O1 enabled it waits for initial cell configuration to be pushed by SMO before starting the stack. In case the SMO is not available then these configurations can be pushed via netopeer-cli as follows:

$cd l2/build/config
> connect –login netconf
Interactive SSH Authentication
Type your password:
Password: netconf!
> edit-config –target candidate –config=cellConfig.xml
> OK
> commit
> OK
> edit-config –target candidate –config=rrmPolicy.xml
> OK
> commit
> OK

For pushing these configurations in subsequent runs please edit cellConfig.xml and rrmPolicy.xml and increment number in the <id> tag to a new value e.g.


E. How to execute the Health Check using netopeer-cli : get alarm-list

In case the SMO is not available the alarm list can be checked using netopeer-cli as follows:

> connect –login netconf
Interactive SSH Authentication
Type your password:
Password: netconf!
> get –filter-xpath /o-ran-sc-odu-alarm-v1:odu/alarms
<odu xmlns="urn:o-ran:odu:alarm:1.0">
<alarm-text>cell id [1] is up</alarm-text>
<additional-info>cell UP</additional-info>

The XML output is a list of active alarms in the O-DU High system.