Man Page: rmr_init





#include <rmr/rmr.h>

void* rmr_init( char* proto_port, int norm_msg_size, int flags );


The rmr_init function prepares the environment for sending and receiving messages. It does so by establishing a worker thread (pthread) which subscribes to a route table generator which provides the necessary routing information for the RMR library to send messages.

Port is used to listen for connection requests from other RMR based applications. The norm_msg_size parameter is used to allocate receive buffers and should be set to what the user application expects to be a size which will hold the vast majority of expected messages. When computing the size, the application should consider the usual payload size and the maximum trace data size that will be used. This value is also used as the default message size when allocating message buffers (when a zero size is given to rmr_alloc_msg(); see the rmr_alloc_msg() manual page). Messages arriving which are longer than the given normal size will cause RMR to allocate a new buffer which is large enough for the arriving message.

Starting with version 3.8.0 RMR no longer places a maximum buffer size for received messages. The underlying system memory manager might impose such a limit and the attempt to allocate a buffer larger than that limit will likely result in an application abort. Other than the potential performance impact from extra memory allocation and release, there is no penality to the user programme for specifyning a normal buffer size which is usually smaller than received buffers. Similarly, the only penality to the application for over specifying the normal buffer size might be a larger memory footprint.

Flags allows for selection of some RMR options at the time of initialisation. These are set by ORing RMRFL constants from the RMR header file. Currently the following flags are supported:


No flags are set.


The route table collector thread is not to be started. This should only be used by the route table generator application if it is based on RMR.


Enable multi-threaded call support.


Some underlying transport providers (e.g. SI95) enable locking to be turned off if the user application is single threaded, or otherwise can guarantee that RMR functions will not be invoked concurrently from different threads. Turning off locking can help make message receipt more efficient. If this flag is set when the underlying transport does not support disabling locks, it will be ignored.

Multi-threaded Calling

The support for an application to issue a blocking call by the rmr_call() function was limited such that only user applications which were operating in a single thread could safely use the function. Further, timeouts were message count based and not time unit based. Multi-threaded call support adds the ability for a user application with multiple threads to invoke a blocking call function with the guarantee that the correct response message is delivered to the thread. The additional support is implemented with the rmr_mt_call() and rmr_mt_rcv() function calls.

Multi-threaded call support requires the user application to specifically enable it when RMR is initialised. This is necessary because a second, dedicated, receiver thread must be started, and requires all messages to be examined and queued by this thread. The additional overhead is minimal, queuing information is all in the RMR message header, but as an additional process is necessary the user application must “opt in” to this approach.


As a part of the initialisation process rmr_init reads environment variables to configure itself. The following variables are used if found.


Allows the async connection mode to be turned off (by setting the value to 0). When set to 1, or missing from the environment, RMR will invoke the connection interface in the transport mechanism using the non-blocking (async) mode. This will likely result in many “soft failures” (retry) until the connection is established, but allows the application to continue unimpeded should the connection be slow to set up.


This provides the interface that RMR will bind listen ports to, allowing for a single interface to be used rather than listening across all interfaces. This should be the IP address assigned to the interface that RMR should listen on, and if not defined RMR will listen on all interfaces.


This variable defines the port that RMR should open for communications with Route Manager, and other RMR control applications. If not defined, the port 4561 is assumed.

Previously, the RMR_RTG_SVC (route table generator service port) was used to define this port. However, a future version of Route Manager will require RMR to connect and request tables, thus that variable is now used to supply the Route Manager’s well-known address and port.

To maintain backwards compatibility with the older Route Manager versions, the presence of this variable in the environment will shift RMR’s behaviour with respect to the default value used when RMR_RTG_SVC is not defined.

When RMR_CTL_PORT is defined: RMR assumes that Route Manager requires RMR to connect and request table updates is made, and the default well-known address for Route manager is used (routemgr:4561).

When RMR_CTL_PORT is undefined: RMR assumes that Route Manager will connect and push table updates, thus the default listen port (4561) is used.

To avoid any possible misinterpretation and/or incorrect assumptions on the part of RMR, it is recommended that both the RMR_CTL_PORT and RMR_RTG_SVC be defined. In the case where both variables are defined, RMR will behave exactly as is communicated with the variable’s values.


When RMR needs a new route table it will send a request once every n seconds. The default value for n is 5, but can be changed if this variable is set prior to invoking the process. Accepted values are between 1 and 300 inclusive.


The value of this variable depends on the Route Manager in use.

When the Route Manager is expecting to connect to an xAPP and push route tables, this variable must indicate the port which RMR should use to listen for these connections.

When the Route Manager is expecting RMR to connect and request a table update during initialisation, the variable should be the host of the Route Manager process.

The RMR_CTL_PORT variable (added with the support of sending table update requests to Route manager), controls the behaviour if this variable is not set. See the description of that variable for details.


By default RMR writes messages to standard error (incorrectly referred to as log messages) in human readable format. If this environment variable is set to 0, the format of standard error messages might be written in some format not easily read by humans. If missing, a value of 1 is assumed.


This is a numeric value which corresponds to the verbosity level used to limit messages written to standard error. The lower the number the less chatty RMR functions are during execution. The following is the current relationship between the value set on this variable and the messages written:


Off; no messages of any sort are written.


Only critical messages are written (default if this variable does not exist)


Errors and all messages written with a lower value.


Warnings and all messages written with a lower value.


Informational and all messages written with a lower value.


Debugging mode – all messages written, however this requires RMR to have been compiled with debugging support enabled.


Deprecated. Should be set to 1 if the route table generator is sending “plain” messages (not using RMR to send messages), 0 if the RTG is using RMR to send. The default is 1 as we don’t expect the RTG to use RMR.

This variable is only recognised when using the NNG transport library as it is not possible to support NNG “raw” communications with other transport libraries. It is also necessary to match the value of this variable with the capabilities of the Route Manager; at some point in the future RMR will assume that all Route Manager messages will arrive via an RMR connection and will ignore this variable.


This is used to supply a static route table which can be used for debugging, testing, or if no route table generator process is being used to supply the route table. If not defined, no static table is used and RMR will not report ready until a table is received. The static route table may contain both the route table (between newrt start and end records), and the MEID map (between meid_map start and end records).


This is either the name or IP address which is placed into outbound messages as the message source. This will used when an RMR based application uses the rmr_rts_msg() function to return a response to the sender. If not supplied RMR will use the hostname which in some container environments might not be routable.

The value of this variable is also used for Route Manager messages which are sent via an RMR connection.


Names the file where RMR should write the latest update it receives from the source of route tables (generally Route Manager). This is meant to assist with debugging and/or troubleshooting when it is suspected that route information isn’t being sent and/or received correctly. If this variable is not given, RMR will save the last update using the RMR_SEED_RT variable value and adding a .stash suffix to the filename so as not to overwrite the static table.


This supplies the name of a verbosity control file. The core RMR functions do not produce messages unless there is a critical failure. However, the route table collection thread, not a part of the main message processing component, can write additional messages to standard error. If this variable is set, RMR will extract the verbosity level for these messages (0 is silent) from the first line of the file. Changes to the file are detected and thus the level can be changed dynamically, however RMR will only suss out this variable during initialisation, so it is impossible to enable verbosity after startup.


If set to 1, RMR will write some warnings which are non-performance impacting. If the variable is not defined, or set to 0, RMR will not write these additional warnings.


The rmr_init function returns a void pointer (a context if you will) that is passed as the first parameter to nearly all other RMR functions. If rmr_init is unable to properly initialise the environment, NULL is returned and errno is set to an appropriate value.


The following error values are specifically set by this RMR function. In some cases the error message of a system call is propagated up, and thus this list might be incomplete.


Unable to allocate memory.


void*  uh;
rmr_mbuf* buf = NULL;

uh = rmr_init( "43086", 4096, 0 );
buf = rmr_rcv_msg( uh, buf );


rmr_alloc_msg(3), rmr_call(3), rmr_free_msg(3), rmr_get_rcvfd(3), rmr_mt_call(3), rmr_mt_rcv(3), rmr_payload_size(3), rmr_send_msg(3), rmr_rcv_msg(3), rmr_rcv_specific(3), rmr_rts_msg(3), rmr_ready(3), rmr_fib(3), rmr_has_str(3), rmr_tokenise(3), rmr_mk_ring(3), rmr_ring_free(3)